When you are planning to build any web project, it’s very crucial to choose the right technology. Because there are several choices, and regular advancements keep taking place in the web development space.
In this article, we will take you through the head-to-head differences, between Node.js and Python. We’ll get into the details of everything, right from the features, advantages, the architecture, and more!
This will help you to make a clear decision about whether to use Node.js or Python for your upcoming web project.
So, let’s start with it!
The Basics: Node.js Vs Python
What is Node.js?
One important reason that adds a lot of popularity to Node.js is the speed, scalability and cross-platform compatibility. This means developers can easily create web applications that work well on Linux, Windows and MacOS.
Notable Features of Node.js:
Some of the notable features of Node.js are:
- Offers top-speed performance & efficiency for web projects.
- A go-to choice for web development beginners as it has an easy learning curve.
- It reduces the loading times of web applications by having the feature of quick caching.
- Has the ability to scale quickly and smoothly.
- The code of Node.js can be reused.
- It helps to build cross-platform applications
- Node.js is built on Chrome’s V8 engine which makes the execution faster.
What is Python?
Python was first released in 1991 by Guido van Rossum. Yes, and since then it’s one of the easiest programming languages to learn and code. Python is based on object-oriented programming concepts and is used to develop complex web projects.
Also, If you have been familiar with the concept of machine learning (ML), and the buzzing world of data science, python is the most used there. What’s more is, that, GitHub says it’s now the high-level backend and second most popular programming language in the technology stack.
Notable Features of Python:
Some of the notable features of Python are:
- Python is a high-level language that’s super-easy to learn, write and code.
- You need to write short code to perform the task when you compare it with other programming languages.
- Python language is available for free along with its source code.
- Wide usage in gaming development, GUI programs, and web applications.
Node.js Vs Python: The Actual Comparison
No doubt, Node.js and Python are the backend programming languages. But there’s a lot to explore about these two. We’ve made your job easy. In the below sections, we’ll know in brief about the two and compare them according to different parameters.
#1 Node.js Vs Python: Architecture
Architecture is something you shouldn’t drop off before choosing the development technology. The entire functioning of the web project depends on the architecture that has been used.
There are mainly two types of architecture:
- Asynchronous architecture: It can run one single process at a time.
- Synchronous architecture: It can run more than one processor at a time.
Node.js is based on an asynchronous, event-driven architecture that results in faster and quick results. As we mentioned above, Node.js can process various requests at the same time without
Python has a synchronous architecture. And so, you’ll get a bit slower speed, due to the single flow. So, if you have a web project, something like a busy chatbot, then it’s better to not go with Python. However, there’s a library called Python Asyncio that lets you run parallel processes.
#2 Node js Vs Python: Community Support
Both Node.js and Python, being highly popular, have support backed by communities. We’ll know in brief about the same.
Node.js has an active community of Node.js developers who contribute largely towards enhancing and making changes to this platform. On top of this, there are so many modules, video tutorials and that have been created by this community.
Being an older programming language, Python has a vast community with millions of developers. There are Python dedicated forums which are good places to post questions or queries. You can also find a Python developer easily.
#3 Node.js Vs Python: Speed & Performance
The result of any web project depends on how fast its speed and performance are. So, here’s comparing Node.js Vs Python in terms of performance.
Node.js is remarkable in terms of speed, as it has an event-driven non-blocking architecture. It can handle numerous requests at one time and speed up the execution of code.
Python on the other hand uses one single flow of code. Thus, it processes the requests a bit slowly. If you require boosted performance for your web application, this might not serve you with great performance.
#4 Nodejs Vs Python: The Error Handling
Errors are what make the program get stuck for hours and hours. Thus, it’s critical to fix these errors. Mainly, languages that have the best error handling feature are perfect choices among developers. Here’s the error handling process in Node.js and Python.
Node.js has a feature called Parallel processing that makes the process of finding out errors quite lengthy.
Python is great when it comes to error handling. It takes very less time to troubleshoot the errors and bugs in comparison to Node.js. It doesn’t matter whether you choose Node.js and Python, you won’t have to suffer from error management.
#5 Nodejs Vs Python: Libraries & Packages
Both these programming languages, Node.js and Python, have a vast set of libraries to improve their functionalities. If you have good library support it even helps to improve the overall speed of web apps.
Node.js has millions of packages inbuilt to enhance the functionality and support development. All these packages and libraries are managed by NPM. And they are called Node Package Manager.
NPM is the world’s largest ecosystem of open-source libraries. It’s completely free to use, and consists of thousands of Node.js developers contributing to its enhancement daily.
Some of the very famous NPM packages are:
Even Python has many libraries and packages that are managed by pip. It basically stands for “Pip Installs Python”. This is one of the package installers for Python. The features of pip are being reliable, fast and the one that promotes a very fast and efficient development.
Some of the very famous NPM packages are:
Summary of Node.js Vs Python
Here’s a short summary of the article, Node.js Vs Python. So, read the table carefully to understand better and clear your concept.
|Definition||Node.js is a run-time environment used to build server side scalable applications||Python is a easy to use programming, high-level and dynamic programming language|
|Use Cases||Ecommerce stores, game development, chatbots||Data analytics, Machine learning, devops & testing automation|
|Scalability||Node.js is scalable||The thing is, Python is not scalable for big web projects|
|Performance||Node.js is a bit faster due to the Google Chrome’s powerful V8 engine||Python is comparatively slow due to the one single workflow. It first converts the code to bytecode, and after this interpreter converts it into the machine code|
|Best Suited For||Node.js works ideally for running small web projects||Python is best suited for heavy web projects|
|Opted by||Giant names in the market like LinkedIn, Netflix, PayPal||Giant names in the market like Google, Facebook|
Wrapping Up Node.js Vs Python
What is ideal for your web project depends on your project-specific requirements and what technologies you need to implement.
Say, for example, if you want to develop a real-time application, or be it an eCommerce store, or CMS, then going for Node.js would be great. But on the other hand, if you are looking to develop a business application, a data science application that needs consistency, and stability, then you should go for Python.
Lastly, we hope this write-up has helped you to clear the concepts between Node.js and Python. Good luck on your web development journey! Happy programming!