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Understanding ping response

Approx. read time : 2 min

Packet INternet Gropher (mostly known as ping) uses the ICMP protocol’s mandatory ECHO_REQUEST datagram to elicit an ICMP ECHO_RESPONSE from a host or gateway. ECHO_REQUEST datagrams (‘pings’) have an IP and ICMP header, followed by a struct timeval and then an arbitrary number of “pad” bytes used to fill out the packet.

We use ping mostly to check the connectivity between servers/client machines, network devices (routers & switches). When performing a ping to any device, different responses are received. Let’s understand them in detail.

Destination host unreachable.

The above response means the issue is with your machine’s network. Either a network card is not attached/installed OR network cable is not connected properly. Start to check from your network adapter.

Reply from 192.168.1.1: Destination net unreachable.

If you are connected to a modem OR in a network, the above response means the network device is unreachable. The network device can either be a modem, switch OR your router.

Request timed out.

The above message states that the remote machine/server is not responding. It can be down, not in the network, etc. It can also be due to ICMP requests disabled OR your IP blocked/blacklisted in the server firewall. Contact your system administrator OR web hosting provider to delist/unblock it.

Reply from xx.xx.xx.xx: bytes=32 time=574ms TTL=50

The above response means that the remote machine/server is accessible over the network. The time you receive this response, machine/server & services can be accessible.

Understanding the ping response will help you to troubleshoot the issues in a better way & in right direction.

Read: How To Perform Ping Checks In Windows?
Read: Ping, how to tell if a server is online

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